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Quick link : History of arising | Place where they are installed

The history of the arising of Buddhas relics

The cause of arising of the Buddhas relics was from the desire of our Lord Buddha before his Parinibbāna (the Great Decease of the Buddha).

Normally, the Buddha who lived a long life to settle the Buddhist Legend, had his own relics in a piece of natural golden bar, which could not be shared among the people in their Buddha period and could not be placed anywhere. Hence the construction of the Buddhist sanctuary was required to be done in one place only. Our present Lord Buddha (Sakyamuni Buddha) considered that his teaching period was only 45 years which he thought not too much compared with the previous Buddhas. He also thought that his instructions were not expanded enough and taught to those who were not yet born on time in his legend. Anyone who received his relics for respecting would get a lot of Puñña (the accumulation of good blessing, fortune or well-being) so he wished that his relics be scattered to all directions except 7 pieces (1 frontal bone, 4 teeth and 2 collarbones).

All of the above mentioned information was presented identically such as in the Sumaṅgalavilāsinī, Paṭhama Sambodhi Kathā by the Supreme Patriarch Kromphra Paramanujitajinorasa, Mulasāsanā Scripture, Jinakalamalipakaranam by Ven. Ratanapanna Thera and Phrachaolieplok Scripture.

The places where they are installed

The dissipation of Buddha's relics after having been separated in to 8 parts were moved to different places. After the Buddha's cremation, the history said that Ven. Maha Kassapa and King Ajatasatru joined to do a wish to invite the separated Buddha's relics back to install in the same place to protect from loss due to the war. At the end of the history it is said that the person who invited the Buddha's relics and disseminated them was King Asoka.

According to Paṭhama Sambodhi Kathā, the places where those 7 exceptional pieces of Buddha's relics (non-scattered) are installed is as follows:

  1. His upper right canine tooth to be installed in Culamani Shrine in Tāvatiṃsā (the second heavenly abode).
  2. His upper left canine tooth to be installed in Gandhara Kingdom
  3. His lower right canine tooth to be installed in Sri Lanka
  4. His lower left canine tooth to be installed in the Naga world
 
5. His right collarbone to be installed in Culamani Shrine in Tāvatiṃsā
 
6. His left collarbone to be installed in Dusasa Shrine in Brahmaloka (the Brahma world)
 
7. His frontal bone to be installed in Dusasa Shrine in Brahmaloka

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Relics of the Buddha and his Disciples
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